Clinical challenges in ventilator-associated pneumonia prevention and treatment
Intensive Care Units spent enormous amounts of money each years to prevent and treat patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia!
Globally, many intensive care unit practitioners are frustrated by the complications and ventilator-associated Pneumonia infections that roughly 27% of the patients suffer during their Intensive Care Unit stay.
Ventilator-associated Pneumonia occurs because the bacterial secretion in the trachea is not efficiently removed and aspirates into the distal bronchi, thereby giving rise to pneumonia infection in the ventilated patient.
The number of ventilator-associated pneumonia incidences are high, with roughly 27% infection rate of all ventilated patients, and mortality rates between 25% and 50%.
Today, the best option for preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia is inserting a plastic catheter tube, into the endotracheal tube, and suctioning the secretion out from the trachea. This is the most common procedure available to remove secretion, as ventilated patients cannot themselves cough it up – as non-ventilated patients or healthy people can.
The 3 major challenges causing clinical challenges
High workload and consumable use
Ventilated patients' trachea is suctioned many times a day, each a long procedure to perform to prevent VAP and often are the consumables used replaced daily.
The current solutions are inefficient as they cannot remove all secretion from the trachea
High pneumonia infection rate
The inefficient suctioning results in a high VAP infection rate, and an extended stay for the patient, resulting in extra costs for the ICU